Which of the following describes the orientation of slaty cleavage and mineral grains in relationship to the stress applied?
Which of the following describes the orientation of slaty cleavage and mineral grains in relationship to the stress applied? Slaty cleavage is perpendicular to the maximum stress applied, so at convergent boundaries, slaty cleavage runs vertically.
What happens to the grain size of the minerals in rocks when the heat is increased?
Metamorphic rocks are sedimentary or igneous rocks that have been modified or changed in form, that is, the size, shape and arrangement of the minerals in rocks, by heat or pressure. The mineral grains become realigned. They flatten out and get longer.
How can a rock change during metamorphism?
Metamorphism is the addition of heat and/or pressure to existing rocks, which causes them to change physically and/or chemically so that they become a new rock. Metamorphic rocks may change so much that they may not resemble the original rock.
Why are mineral bands in metamorphic rocks light and dark colored?
Why are mineral bands in metamorphic rocks light and dark colored? Dark minerals rich in iron and magnesium separate from light minerals rich in silica and aluminum. There is enough heat and pressure to induce recrystallization of any tabular minerals in the rock.
Which type of rock was the first to exist on the planet?
The first igneous rocks on Earth (or to be exact – the proto-Earth) likely formed by impact melting of various small planetary bodies hitting each other and coalescing to form the Earth. These planetesimals formed by condensation of gas from the solar nebula, before Earth even existed, and before the rock cycle began.
What are the four agents that drive metamorphism?
8.2 List four agents that drive metamorphism. Heat, pressure, directional stress, and fluids which are chemically active.
How temperature and pressure affects the size of minerals formed?
The longer it grows, the larger it will be. Heat and pressure determine what type of mineral forms. Some minerals need very little heat and pressure to form (like quartz), and actually break up or melt if heated up or put under large amounts of pressure.
What is the effect of heat and pressure in rocks as there is an increase in the depth?
heat, pressure increases with depth. This pressure can actually squeeze the spaces out of the minerals within the rock. This makes the rocks denser. The heat and pressure together cause the rock to flow instead of break or fracture.
What happens to rocks with increasing pressure and temperature?
Metamorphism occurs because some minerals are stable only under certain conditions of pressure and temperature. When pressure and temperature change, chemical reactions occur to cause the minerals in the rock to change to an assemblage that is stable at the new pressure and temperature conditions.
What are the 2 main factors causing the metamorphism of rocks?
There are 3 main agents that cause metamorphism. Factors that cause an increase in Temperature, Pressure, and Chemical changes are the three agents that we are going to study. Temperature increases can be caused by layers of sediments being buried deeper and deeper under the surface of the Earth.
What do you call the process of changes in a rock?
The three main rock types are igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. Crystallization, erosion and sedimentation, and metamorphism transform one rock type into another or change sediments into rock. The rock cycle describes the transformations of one type of rock to another.
What will happen to a rock when it is exposed to higher temperature?
When rocks are exposed in high temperature, the rocks will melt and turn into magma. New rocks are created as magma rises on the surface of the earth cools down forming igneous rocks. This igneous rocks will breaks down by weathering flow to the river during strong rain until it reaches the ocean.
What causes wavy bands of light and dark minerals?
Wavy bands of dark minerals visible in gneiss bedrock probably formed from the (1) cementing together of individual mineral grains (2) cooling and crystallization of magma (3) evaporation of an ancient ocean (4) heat and pressure during metamorphism.
How do you tell if a rock is foliated or not?
Foliated Texture A foliated metamorphic rock will have banded minerals. The mineral flakes will appear to be parallel to the rock and will look layered. When a foliated rock breaks, a thin rock fragment will result.
How do you tell if it’s a metamorphic rock?
Metamorphic rocks are rocks that have become changed by intense heat or pressure while forming. One way to tell if a rock sample is metamorphic is to see if the crystals within it are arranged in bands. Examples of metamorphic rocks are marble, schist, gneiss, and slate.