What are the 8 rules for commas?
Commas (Eight Basic Uses) Use a comma to separate independent clauses. Use a comma after an introductory clause or phrase. Use a comma between all items in a series. Use commas to set off nonrestrictive clauses. Use a comma to set off appositives. Use a comma to indicate direct address. Use commas to set off direct quotations.
Does this sentence need a comma?
Use a comma before any coordinating conjunction that links two independent clauses. Use a comma after a dependent clause that starts a sentence. Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence. Use commas to separate items in a series.
When would you not use a comma?
A comma is usually unnecessary when the sentence starts with an independent clause followed by a dependent clause. Example: Let me know now if you are not sure about this. Rule 5. Use commas to set off nonessential words, clauses, and phrases (see Who, That, Which, Rule 2b).
How do you use commas in a list?
When making a list, commas are the most common way to separate one list item from the next. The final two items in the list are usually separated by “and” or “or”, which should be preceeded by a comma. Amongst editors this final comma in a list is known as the “Oxford Comma “.
Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before and?
1. Use a comma before any coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet) that links two independent clauses. You may need to learn a few grammatical terms to understand this one.
How many commas in a sentence is too many?
If you feel you have too many commas, you do. Like, no one can say you should have twenty- seven commas per page or anything like that. The first question would be, Do you have commas in inappropriate places? If you have sentences like, “Bob walked, to, the store, slowly” then yes, there are too many commas.
What are the 4 types of commas?
There are four types of comma: the listing comma, the joining comma, the gapping comma and bracketing commas.
What happens when you don’t use commas?
Incorrect use of commas can cause confusion or even a misreading of the information. In fiction, misuse of commas may create humor where none was intended or cause the reader to stop and have to reread for clarity.
What is it called when you dont use commas?
It’s called a comma splice (or comma fault, comma blunder, comma error, or don’t do that with a comma ). Comma splices are a subspecies of run-on sentence; a run-on sentence is when two independent clauses are joined without the correct conjunction or punctuation.
When listing three things do you use a comma?
Use commas to separate three or more items in a series. Lists of three or more words, phrases, and clauses require commas between each item. For example: a. The fox shouts, cackles, and yells.
Can you put a comma after and?
The word and is a conjunction, and when a conjunction joins two independent clauses, you should use a comma with it.
Should I put a comma before the last item in a list?
An Oxford Comma is a comma used before the last list item in a list of three or more items. When there are three or more list items, then those following “US convention” should use a comma (often called an Oxford Comma ) with the conjunction (usually “and” or “or”).
Does a comma go after and?
If the word “and” is used to join two independent clauses, then there should be a comma before the “and” and never after it. You might want to include a comma after the “and”, but this is never correct.