What did Aristotle write?
In 335, Aristotle founded his own school, the Lyceum, in Athens, where he spent most of the rest of his life studying, teaching and writing. Some of his most notable works include Nichomachean Ethics, Politics, Metaphysics, Poetics and Prior Analytics.
What was Aristotle’s book called?
Nicomachean Ethics, Politics
What is Aristotle most famous for?
Aristotle is a towering figure in ancient Greek philosophy, who made important contributions to logic, criticism, rhetoric, physics, biology, psychology, mathematics, metaphysics, ethics, and politics. He was a student of Plato for twenty years but is famous for rejecting Plato’s theory of forms.
Who wrote about Aristotle?
Nicolaus of Damascus wrote several treatises on the philosophy of Aristotle; and Alexander of Aegae also wrote commentaries on Aristotle. The earliest commentaries which survive, are those written in the 2nd century by Adrastus and Aspasius. Alexander of Aphrodisias (c.
Who is better Plato or Aristotle?
Plato by far has contributed more to society than Aristotle. … Aristotle was not read by his contemporaries, but rather the words of Socrates were highly sought after and paid for. Socrates was the father of logic and philosophy (love of wisdom). Plato was his apt student and Aristotle did not learn well from either.
What are the main ideas of Aristotle?
Aristotle’s philosophy stresses biology, instead of mathematics like Plato. He believed the world was made up of individuals (substances) occurring in fixed natural kinds (species). Each individual has built-in patterns of development, which help it grow toward becoming a fully developed individual of its kind.
Who was the father of philosophy?
What is Aristotle’s philosophy?
Philosophy was a subject of great interest to Aristotle, and he theorized that philosophy was the foundation of the ability to understand the basic axioms that comprise knowledge. In order to study and question completely, Aristotle viewed logic as the basic means of reasoning.
Which Aristotle should I read first?
You can tackle Aristotle’s works however you want, but you’d probably want to start with the Nicomachean Ethics or the Politics first (typically most people read the NE and then the Politics right after).
What did Aristotle and Plato disagree on?
Both Aristotle and Plato believed thoughts were superior to the senses. However, whereas Plato believed the senses could fool a person, Aristotle stated that the senses were needed in order to properly determine reality.
What is Aristotle’s theory of reality?
Aristotle’s view that reality is definable and identifiable and tangible as we experience it eschewed Plato’s notions of reality as abstract and grounded it in root causes. In other words, if we could explain how and why something was, what it’s purpose and uses were, then we could explain what it was.
What is self According to Aristotle?
Aristotle’s philosophy of self was constructed in terms of hylomorphism in which the soul of a human being is the form or the structure of the human body or the human matter, i.e., the functional organization in virtue of which human beings are able to perform their characteristic activities of life, including growth, …
What is death according to Aristotle?
In the Nicomachean Ethics he says that death is ‘the most fearful thing’, and he also says that fear always has as its object things that are without qualification bad (1115a8, 26).
What did Aristotle say about ethics?
Aristotle emphasized that virtue is practical, and that the purpose of ethics is to become good, not merely to know. Aristotle also claims that the right course of action depends upon the details of a particular situation, rather than being generated merely by applying a law.